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Council of Europe
Country of Decision : Council of Europe
Court Name : CoE: European Court of Human Rights [ECHR]
Date of decision : 03/10/2017
Type : Judgment
ECLI : ECLI:CE:ECHR:2017:1003JUD000867515
Case Number/Citation/ Document Symbol : 8675/15 and 8697/15

N.D. and N.T. v Spain

ECtHR rules on push-backs by Spain at the Melilla/Morocco (referred to Grand Chamber)

According the Court's Information Note : 

In August 2014 a group of about 80 sub-Saharan migrants, including the applicants, attempted to enter Spain by scaling the barriers surrounding the town of Melilla, a Spanish enclave on the North African coast. Having climbed the fences, they were arrested by members of the Guardia Civil, who handcuffed them and returned them to the other side of the border without conducting an identification procedure or providing an opportunity to explain their personal situation.

Orders for expulsion were subsequently issued against the applicants, who had succeeded in re-entering Spain illegally. Their administrative appeals, and the asylum application lodged by one of them, were dismissed.

By a judgment of 3 October 2017 (see Information Note 211), a Chamber of the Court:

  • dismissed the preliminary objections raised by the Government as to the jurisdiction of the respondent State, the applicants’ victim status and the exhaustion of domestic remedies;
  • concluded, unanimously, that there had been a violation of Article 4 of Protocol No. 4, in the absence of any examination of each of the applicants’ individual situations, and of Article 13 of the Convention taken together with the same Article.

On 29 January 2018 the case was referred to the Grand Chamber at the Government’s request.

Access to procedures; Border procedures;

EU Charter of Fundamental Rights ; European Convention on Human Rights; Return Directive (Directive 2008/115/EC of 16 December 2008 on common standards and procedures in Member States for returning illegally staying third-country nationals); Revised Asylum Procedures Directive (Directive 2013/32/EU on common procedures for granting and withdrawing international protection) and/or APD 2005/85/CE;

EASO Annual Report on the Situation of Asylum in the EU

Council of Europe, European Court of Human Rights [ECHR], N.D. and N.T. v Spain, 8675/15 and 8697/15, ECLI:CE:ECHR:2017:1003JUD000867515, 03 October 2017. Link redirects to the English summary in the EASO Case Law Database.